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Edit detail for sets.spad revision 1 of 1

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Editor:
Time: 2007/11/29 04:14:21 GMT-8
Note: proposed fix for issue #347

changed:
-
\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{axiom}
\begin{document}
\title{\$SPAD/src/algebra sets.spad}
\author{Michael Monagan, Richard Jenks}
\date{May 1991}
\maketitle
\begin{abstract}
\end{abstract}
\eject
\tableofcontents
\eject
\section{domain SET Set}
<<domain SET Set>>=
)abbrev domain SET Set
++ Author: Michael Monagan; revised by Richard Jenks
++ Date Created: August 87 through August 88
++ Date Last Updated: May 1991
++ Basic Operations:
++ Related Constructors:
++ Also See:
++ AMS Classifications:
++ Keywords:
++ References:
++ Description:
++ A set over a domain D models the usual mathematical notion of a finite set
++ of elements from D.
++ Sets are unordered collections of distinct elements
++ (that is, order and duplication does not matter).
++ The notation \spad{set [a,b,c]} can be used to create
++ a set and the usual operations such as union and intersection are available
++ to form new sets.
++ In our implementation, \Language{} maintains the entries in
++ sorted order.  Specifically, the parts function returns the entries
++ as a list in ascending order and
++ the extract operation returns the maximum entry.
++ Given two sets s and t where \spad{#s = m} and \spad{#t = n},
++ the complexity of
++   \spad{s = t} is \spad{O(min(n,m))}
++   \spad{s < t} is \spad{O(max(n,m))}
++   \spad{union(s,t)}, \spad{intersect(s,t)}, \spad{minus(s,t)}, \spad{symmetricDifference(s,t)} is \spad{O(max(n,m))}
++   \spad{member(x,t)} is \spad{O(n log n)}
++   \spad{insert(x,t)} and \spad{remove(x,t)} is \spad{O(n)}
Set(S:SetCategory): FiniteSetAggregate S == add
   Rep := FlexibleArray(S)
   # s       == _#$Rep s
   brace()   == empty()
   set()     == empty()
   empty()   == empty()$Rep
   copy s    == copy(s)$Rep
   parts s   == parts(s)$Rep
   inspect s == (empty? s => error "Empty set"; s(maxIndex s))

   extract_! s ==
     x := inspect s
     delete_!(s, maxIndex s)
     x

   find(f, s) == find(f, s)$Rep

   map(f, s) == map_!(f,copy s)

   reduce(f, s) == reduce(f, s)$Rep

   reduce(f, s, x) == reduce(f, s, x)$Rep

   reduce(f, s, x, y) == reduce(f, s, x, y)$Rep

   if S has ConvertibleTo InputForm then
     convert(x:%):InputForm ==
        convert [convert("set"::Symbol)@InputForm,
                          convert(parts x)@InputForm]

   if S has OrderedSet then
     s = t == s =$Rep t
     max s == inspect s
     min s == (empty? s => error "Empty set"; s(minIndex s))

     map_!(f,s) ==
       map_!(f,s)$Rep
       sort_!(s)$Rep
       removeDuplicates_! s

     construct l ==
       zero?(n := #l) => empty()
       a := new(n, first l)
       for i in minIndex(a).. for x in l repeat a.i := x
       removeDuplicates_! sort_! a

     insert_!(x, s) ==
       n := inc maxIndex s
       k := minIndex s
       while k < n and x > s.k repeat k := inc k
       k < n and s.k = x => s
       insert_!(x, s, k)

     member?(x, s) == -- binary search
       empty? s => false
       t := maxIndex s
       b := minIndex s
       while b < t repeat
         m := (b+t) quo 2
         if x > s.m then b := m+1 else t := m
       x = s.t

     remove_!(x:S, s:%) ==
       n := inc maxIndex s
       k := minIndex s
       while k < n and x > s.k repeat k := inc k
       k < n and x = s.k => delete_!(s, k)
       s

     -- the set operations are implemented as variations of merging
     intersect(s, t) ==
       m := maxIndex s
       n := maxIndex t
       i := minIndex s
       j := minIndex t
       r := empty()
       while i <= m and j <= n repeat
         s.i = t.j => (concat_!(r, s.i); i := i+1; j := j+1)
         if s.i < t.j then i := i+1 else j := j+1
       r

     difference(s:%, t:%) ==
       m := maxIndex s
       n := maxIndex t
       i := minIndex s
       j := minIndex t
       r := empty()
       while i <= m and j <= n repeat
         s.i = t.j => (i := i+1; j := j+1)
         s.i < t.j => (concat_!(r, s.i); i := i+1)
         j := j+1
       while i <= m repeat (concat_!(r, s.i); i := i+1)
       r

     symmetricDifference(s, t) ==
       m := maxIndex s
       n := maxIndex t
       i := minIndex s
       j := minIndex t
       r := empty()
       while i <= m and j <= n repeat
         s.i < t.j => (concat_!(r, s.i); i := i+1)
         s.i > t.j => (concat_!(r, t.j); j := j+1)
         i := i+1; j := j+1
       while i <= m repeat (concat_!(r, s.i); i := i+1)
       while j <= n repeat (concat_!(r, t.j); j := j+1)
       r

     subset?(s, t) ==
       m := maxIndex s
       n := maxIndex t
       m > n => false
       i := minIndex s
       j := minIndex t
       while i <= m and j <= n repeat
         s.i = t.j => (i := i+1; j := j+1)
         s.i > t.j => j := j+1
         return false
       i > m

     union(s:%, t:%) ==
       m := maxIndex s
       n := maxIndex t
       i := minIndex s
       j := minIndex t
       r := empty()
       while i <= m and j <= n repeat
         s.i = t.j => (concat_!(r, s.i); i := i+1; j := j+1)
         s.i < t.j => (concat_!(r, s.i); i := i+1)
         (concat_!(r, t.j); j := j+1)
       while i <= m repeat (concat_!(r, s.i); i := i+1)
       while j <= n repeat (concat_!(r, t.j); j := j+1)
       r

   else
     map_!(f,s) ==
       map_!(f,s)$Rep
       removeDuplicates_! s

     insert_!(x, s) ==
       for k in minIndex s .. maxIndex s repeat
         s.k = x => return s
       insert_!(x, s, inc maxIndex s)

     remove_!(x:S, s:%) ==
       n := inc maxIndex s
       k := minIndex s
       while k < n repeat
         x = s.k => return delete_!(s, k)
         k := inc k
       s

@
\section{License}
<<license>>=
--Copyright (c) 1991-2002, The Numerical ALgorithms Group Ltd.
--All rights reserved.
--
--Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
--modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
--met:
--
--    - Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
--      notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
--
--    - Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
--      notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
--      the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
--      distribution.
--
--    - Neither the name of The Numerical ALgorithms Group Ltd. nor the
--      names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products
--      derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
--
--THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS
--IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
--TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
--PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER
--OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL,
--EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
--PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
--PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
--LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
--NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
--SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
@
<<*>>=
<<license>>

<<domain SET Set>>
@
\eject
\begin{thebibliography}{99}
\bibitem{1} nothing
\end{thebibliography}
\end{document}


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